Growing

PLANTATION

PLANTATION

Tiger nuts are planted, preferably, during the months of April and May, but it will always depend on the previous cultivation.

The plantation is carried out with a pressure seeder that forms furrows 15-20 cm high, with a distance between them of about 55-60 cm.

The depth of the plantation is 4 to 8 cm, with a distance between them of 10 cm.

The amount of seed per m2 is an important part of cultivation, as the yield and the quality of the tuber depends on this. The density is usually high, 10 o 12 Kg per 836 m2.

CLIMATE REQUIREMENTS

CLIMATE REQUIREMENTS

In a warm climate, with high mean temperatures and a 4 to 5 month period without frosts, the plant will complete its vegetative cycle without any problems.

The water supply needed is very high and the dampness level is perfect for then growth of the seeds.

Tiger nuts need constant hydric contribution during the entire cycle and can only be supplied by irrigating the plantation. Heavy rainfall and strong winds can damage the seeds during the vegetation period.

SOIL REQUIREMNTS

SOIL REQUIREMNTS

This quality production can only be obtained in loose floors as recollection is made by sieving to a depth of 15-20 cm where the tiger nut can be found. Also, these loose sandy soils is where the tiger nut gains the best quality, a more sweet and intense flavor, thinner skin and a grater size.

In addition, the soil must be free of vegetable rests and stones and abundant in organic matter like the ones found here in “L’Horta Nord” in Valencia.

RECOLECTION AND CLEANSE

RECOLECTION AND CLEANSE

First, the plants that stick out of the soil are burnt, and then, the ashes and rests are cleaned up. Recollection is made in the months of November to January, when the plant is completely dry.

During the cleansing process the tiger nuts lose their roots and the skin is cleaned.

In the next step the soil is separated from the rest of the materials, and then the straw and big stones are separated.

Finally, we get rid of the hairs on the tiger nuts and they pass through a series of tubes that water and separate them from chippings.

DRYING AND SELETION

DRYING AND SELETION

Once cleaned, tiger nuts must lose the dampness through a drying process which makes the level decrease from 50% to 11%. This process takes place in our `cambras´ (drying facilities) and it takes about 4 to 6 months. In this time, the tiger nuts are stirred slowly and carefully every day, with the clear objective of drying and giving them unique characteristics.

When this process is finished tiger nuts are cleaned again and classified by size, meeting the needs of the clients.